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Getting started with Java EE8 MVC(6)-MVC and CDI

MVC and CDI

In before posts, we have already use @Inject to inject CDI beans into the Controller class. In fact, MVC embraced CDI internally.

RedirectScoped

There is a new CDI compatible scope named RedirectScoped introduced in MVC 1.0.
A bean annotated with @RedirectScoped annotation can be transfered between two requests, conceptly, it is similar with JSF Flash.
The AlertMessage is an example.
  1. Declare a bean with @RedirectScoped annotation.
    @RedirectScoped
    @Named("flashMessage")
    public class AlertMessage implements Serializable {}
    
  2. Inject it into a Controller class.
    @Inject
    AlertMessage flashMessage;
    
  3. Access the bean properties in the view via EL.
    <c:if test="${not empty flashMessage and not empty flashMessage.text}">
        <div class="alert alert-${flashMessage.type} alert-dismissible"
             role="alert">
            <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert"
                    aria-label="Close">
                <span aria-hidden="true"><![CDATA[&times;]]></span>
            </button>
            <p>${flashMessage.text}</p>
        </div>
    </c:if>
    
It is easy to understand the code snippets.
AlertMessage is a RedirectScoped bean, which means it is can be access in current request and the next request. It is named with CDI @Named which indicates it can be accessed in view via EL by name flashMessage.

MVC Event

MVC defined a series of CDI compatible events, with which you can track the MVC request lifecycle.
MVC provides a MvcEvent interface as the base of all events in MVC, there are several specific event implementations.
  • AfterControllerEvent
  • AfterProcessViewEvent
  • BeforeControllerEvent
  • BeforeProcessViewEvent
  • ControllerRedirectEvent
MVC itself will fire these events in the request processing progress, you can observe the events via CDI @Observes.
@ApplicationScoped
public class MvcEventListener {

    @Inject Logger LOGGER;

    private void onControllerMatched(@Observes BeforeControllerEvent event) {
        LOGGER.info(() -> "Controller matched for " + event.getUriInfo().getRequestUri());
    }

    private void onViewEngineSelected(@Observes BeforeProcessViewEvent event) {
        LOGGER.info(() -> "View engine: " + event.getEngine());
    }

    @PostConstruct
    private void init() {
        LOGGER.config(() -> this.getClass().getSimpleName() + " created");
    }
}

Source codes

  1. Clone the codes from my github.com account.
    https://github.com/hantsy/ee8-sandbox/
  2. Open the mvc project in NetBeans IDE.
  3. Run it on Glassfish.
  4. After it is deployed and runging on Glassfish application server, navigate http://localhost:8080/ee8-mvc/mvc/tasks in browser.
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